Quartz (Quartz) Single Synthetic Crystal Quartz is mined naturally, but more commonly produced synthetically in large long faceted crystals. It is grown by hydrothermal method in autoclaves. It has trigonal crystal structure with right-hand or left-hand modification. Quartz is anisotropic monoaxial crystal. It has low stress birefringence and highest refractive index homogeneity. The optical transmission range of crystal quartz is 0.15-4 microns. Quartz corresponds to the best natural material by its physical properties. It contains neither electrical no optical twins and there are no cracks and chippings. Crystals of synthetic quartz show high transmittance over a large spectral range from IR to UV.
Optically, crystalline quartz is used extensively as a wave retardation medium, using the birefringent properties for use in quarter-wave plates and in polarizes, for UV-lenses and windows.
Maximal available dimensions of quartz crystals:
Y up to 200 mm
X up to 70 mm
Z up to 60 mm